Migraine, the second most common cause of headache. A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It’s often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities.


  • Sensitive to environmental and sensory stimuli
  • Sweetener aspartame and the preservative monosodium glutamate (msg)
  • Cheeses and salty and processed foods
  • Skipping meals or fasting.
  • Glare, bright lights
  • Loud sounds
  • Hunger
  • Stress
  • Physical exertion including sexual activity
  • Stormy weather or barometric pressure changes
  • Hormonal fluctuations during menses
  • Lack of or excess sleep
  • Alcohol ,wine
  • Chemical stimulation, such as with nitrates
  • Coffee
  • Strong smells — including perfume, paint thinner, secondhand smoke
  • Oral contraceptives and vasodilators, such as nitroglycerin
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Insecticide,pesticide,rodenticide,weedicide in farming
  • Chemical fertilizer for farming


Migraines, which often begin in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood, can progress through four stages: prodrome, aura, attack and post-drome. Not everyone who has migraines goes through all stages.



One or two days before a migraine, you might notice subtle changes that warn of an upcoming migraine, including:

  • Constipation
  • Mood changes, from depression to euphoria
  • Food cravings
  • Neck stiffness
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Frequent yawning


For some people, aura might occur before or during migraines. Auras are reversible symptoms of the nervous system. They’re usually visual, but can also include other disturbances. Each symptom usually begins gradually, builds up over several minutes and lasts for 20 to 60 minutes.


  • Visual phenomena, such as seeing various shapes, bright spots or flashes of light
  • Vision loss
  • Pins and needles sensations in an arm or leg
  • Weakness or numbness in the face or one side of the body
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Hearing noises or music
  • Uncontrollable jerking or other movements


  • Pain usually on one side of your head, but often on both sides
  • Pain that throbs or pulses
  • Sensitivity to light, sound, and sometimes smell and touch
  • Nausea and vomiting


  • After a migraine attack, you might feel drained, confused


  • Regular sleep pattern.regular bed time and waking time
  • Avoid mobile phones
  • Avoid gadgets
  • Avoid cheese
  • Avoid  monosodium glutamate (msg) food
  • Avoid perfumes,strong smell
  • Avoid stress
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Regular exercise
  • Avoid skipping of meals
  • Avoid Insecticide,Pesticide,Rodenticide,Weedicide in farming
  • Eating foods high in fiber
  • Drinking an adequate amount of fluids





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