Hypertension &  Prevention

Blood pressure is the force of blood against the artery walls. It is expressed as systolic and diastolic pressures. Both numbers must be maintained within normal values.

Normal reading=120/80mmhg(+or-10)

Chronic elevation in bp (systolic ≥140 mmHg or diastolic ≥90 mmHg is called Hypertension

 Causes of hypertension

  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Mood disorder
  • Obesity
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Type  A personalitiy
  • High salt intake
  • Lack of physical exercise (couch potatoes)
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Hyperthyroid
  • Hypothyroid
  • Acute and chronic glomerulonephritis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Embolus in blood vessels
  • Polycystic disease
  • Wilms tumor
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Coarctation of aorta
  • Excessive use of steroids, NSAIDs , cyclosporine
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Toxemia of pregnancy
  • Lead poisoning
  • Raised intracranial pressure
  1. Organophosphorus  Poison(Op Poison)-Malathoin, Tetron, Parathion,Chlorthoin,Diazion(Tik 20)
  2. Organo Chlorines-Ddt,Aldrin,Endrin,Endosulfan,Benzene Hexa Chloride
  3. Paraquat(Weedol)
  4. Flourides(Sodium Flourides)
  5. Zinc Phosphide
  6. Aluminum Phosphide

Symptoms of hypertension

  • Headach
  • Irritable
  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Epistaxis
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Increased sweating
  • Diplopia
  • Flushes of heat
  • Dyspnoea
  • Palpitation
  • Tremors
  • Fatigue
  • Drowsiness

Complications of hypertension

  • HEART FAILURE– left ventricular failure followed by congestive failure
  • Angina pectoris , Un stable ANGINA, Myocardial infarction (HEART ATTACK)
  • Cerebrovascular accident – cerebral haemorrhage, thrombosis or subarachnoid haemorrhage, STROKE, TIA,
  •  Hypertensive encephalopathy
  • Renal damage – trace of proteinuria and hyaline casts common,RENAL FALIURE
  • Hemorrhages – epistaxis, rarely hematemesis, or hemoptysis.



Sodium restriction

A moderate diet, i.e., 2 g sodium per day is not only a useful therapeutic measure but is also feasible. This target can be accomplished by eliminating table salt, by reducing the salt in cooking, and by consuming more natural food and less processed food.

Potassium enrichment

Hypertensive patients should be encouraged to consume a diet rich in potassium (vegetables, fruits).

Calcium supplementation

The best advice is to ensure proper intake of calcium in the diet.Add  green leaves it rich in calcium..

Other supplements

Despite the curiosity provoked by the role of magnesium supplemenation, high fibre diet, omega fatty acids, etc.,

Reducing alcohol intake

Excessive consumption of alcohol could elevate BP levels. Therefore alcohol should be avoided

Physical exercise, relaxation, and stress reduction

Regular dynamic exercise may lower the BP and protect against coronary events. Stress reduction, relaxation, and yoga training yield benefits in the short-term and whenever possible should be encouraged.

Weight control

For obese patients with hypertension, weight loss should be vigorously pursued. Weight control also decreases salt sensitivity.

Quit smoking

Avoid oil rich foods

Treat the cause.

Homeopathic treatment or remedies of hypertension

Lachesis, Aurum Met, Aconite, , Strophanthus, Nat. Mur, Plumbum Met, Ignatia, Glonine, Baryta Mur, Veratrum Viride, Belladonna, Arsenic Alb, Thuja, Nux vomica,Rauwolfia,Cratageus,..

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